Devil Clouds: Tornadoes Strike Nebraska

Actual photo of the 1913 Easter tornado in Omaha (courtesy: Douglas County Historical Society)

 

The site of the Idlewild Pool Hall at 24th and Lake in Omaha, where 25 people died (courtesy: The Durham Museum)

 


  PHOTO GALLERIES

CLICK HERE for more images from the 1913 Easter Sunday tornadoes, as well as the production of "Devil Clouds"

CLICK HERE to see what weather forecasting and the U.S. Weather Bureau looked like in the early 1900s.

 


  BEULAH ADAMS' LETTER

Beulah Adams was returning to her Bemis Park house in Omaha when the tornado struck. Two days later she described her experience in a detailed letter to her mother.

Easter Sunday 1913 dawned as a spring-like day of celebration. It ended as a day of mourning. With little warning, a storm system spawned seven tornadoes in eastern Nebraska, turning this into the deadliest natural disaster in Nebraska’s history.

The most devastating tornado cut a seven mile swath through Ralston and Omaha, killing 101 people. All told, the tornado outbreak would be responsible for 168 deaths in Nebraska and Iowa, mostly Nebraska, and nearly $10 million in damage (more than $200 million in today’s dollars).

“Devil Clouds: Tornadoes Strike Nebraska” is an NET News documentary project that tells more than a storm story. Developed in conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the event (which took place on March 23, 1913), it’s a story full of heroes and colorful characters; a story of tragedy, but also recovery and resolve; and the story of a city and state in transition. It’s a story so well documented visually that it offers an intriguing glimpse into the disaster, and the lives of 1913 Nebraskans in places like Omaha, Ralston, Yutan and Otoe (called Berlin at the time).

The one hour "Devil Clouds: Tornadoes Strike Nebraska" television documentary premiered March 22. The project also included a series of NET News Signature Stories on NET Radio, as well as the wealth of additional content and information you'll find on this web site.

For this project, we've tapped into the knowledge of a number of historians and other experts, including:

Questions or comments about the "Devil Clouds" project? E-mail NET News Senior Producer Mike Tobias.


 

TIMELINE: Sunday, March 23, 1913

Morning – Forecasts in Nebraska newspapers predicted warmer temperatures and rain. There is no mention of the possibility of severe weather.

Early Afternoon – Union Pacific President A.L. Mohler, “finding his barometer at lowest ebb,” has telegrams sent to others working for the railroad warning them to look out for weather trouble.

Paths of the 1913 Easter Tornadoes

 


Nebraska's Deadliest Tornadoes (listed by primary area impacted and number of Nebraska deaths)

March 23, 1913Omaha, Ralston101
March 23, 1913Yutan20
March 23, 1913Berlin (now Otoe)13
June 5, 1908Carleton, Geneva12
June 13, 1899Herman11
June 7, 1953Arcadia11
June 21, 1901Keya Paha valley10
May 14, 1913Grafton, Seward8
May 22, 1933Tryon8
June 3, 1890Bradshaw7
July 4, 1945Polk, Butler County7

 

 

 

 

 

 

5:00 p.m. – An F-3 tornado touches down west of Craig, Neb. It stays on the ground for 15 miles, ending at Blencoe, Iowa. No deaths, but 13 people are injured, all in or near Craig, where 11 homes are destroyed.

5:30 p.m. – An F-4 tornado begins a 55 mile path southeast of Mead, Neb. It’s responsible for 22 deaths and more than 50 injuries; most are in Yutan, Neb., where the northern half of the village is destroyed. Dozens of homes and buildings are leveled as the tornado continues to Logan, Iowa. Note: this ranks as the second deadliest tornado in Nebraska history.

5:30 p.m. – An F-3 tornado forms near Havelock, Neb. (now part of Lincoln). It destroys a few homes and farms at Prairie Home, Neb., and near Greenwood, Neb. This tornado, which covers 15 miles, is responsible for two injuries and no deaths.

5:45 p.m. – An F-4 tornado touches down in Ralston, Neb., then cuts a diagonal path through the west and north sides of Omaha, Neb. More than 100 people are killed, hundreds more injured, and approximately 2000 homes and buildings are damaged or destroyed. The tornado travels 40 miles to near Beebeetown, Iowa, where two others are killed. Note: this ranks as the deadliest tornado in Nebraska history.

6:15 p.m. – An F-4 tornado forms south of Bellevue, Neb., and hits the southern edge of Council Bluffs, Iowa and continues for 48 miles toward Harlan, Iowa. The tornado is responsible for 25 deaths, all in Iowa and most in Council Bluffs, with another 75 people injured.

6:15 p.m. – An F-4 tornado touches down near Douglas, Neb., and begins leveling farms in Otoe County as it heads toward the village of Berlin (now called Otoe). A dozen people are killed in Berlin, where few structures are left standing. It travels 65 miles to Macedonia, Iowa, causing a total of 18 deaths and more than 100 injuries. Note: this ranks as the third deadliest tornado in Nebraska history.

7:00 p.m. – The seventh and final Nebraska tornado of the day is an F-2 that is on the ground for 5 miles, damaging a few homes and the school in Burchard, Neb., and causing no deaths or injuries.

Information compiled from multiple sources, including “Significant Tornadoes 1681-1991” by Thomas P. Grazulis.